[PDF] If Russia Uses Migration as a Weapon, Europeans Should Respond in Kind Alia Fakhri, Roderick Parkes, András Rácz


Around 442,000 people have so far fled Ukraine – not just to the
EU, but also to neighbors like Moldova. This is a humanitarian issue,
and should not be conflated with “migrant instrumentalization” (MI),
whereby a state pushes people across a border to coerce the EU to
change position. Yet Russia is likely to employ MI in this way, especially
if it moves deep into Western Ukraine. Drawing on an in-depth
study, we show how the EU can meet this specific threat.

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